Oral hearing Representation

Oral hearing Representation

Representation at the oral hearing

Article 14(4) of Reg. 773/2004 provides that persons invited to attend shall either appear in person or be represented by legal representatives (e.g. board members) or by representatives authorised by their constitution.

More about Oral hearing Representation

The Hearing Officer decides after consultation with the Director responsible for the case whether or not interested third parties are to be heard orally (Article 6(2) of the HO Terms of Reference). In case the Hearing Officer refuses a third party request to be heard orally, s/he informs the party concerned by way of a substantiated letter.

More about the Subject

The Commission may also invite any other person to express its views at the oral hearing (Article 13(3) of Regulation 773/2004).


See Also


  • Information about Oral hearing Representation in the Antitrust Manual of Procedures for the application of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU (Internal DG Competition)

Further Reading

  • Information about Oral hearing Representation in EU Competition Procedure, 3rd. Edition, Edited by Luis Ortiz Blanco (Oxford University Press)

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