Tag: Court system Overview

  • Interim measures

    Interim Measures. IntroductionRegulation 17 did not directly address the issue of whether the Commission had power to adopt interim measures in relation to a suspected infringement of Article 101 and 102. However, in its 1980 order in the Camera Care case, the Court of Justice held that Art…

  • Request for preliminary ruling

    Request for preliminary ruling (article 267 TFEU) ("question préjudicielle")National courts frequently deal with questions involving EU law. They may then face difficult questions of interpretation of the relevant EU law or even have doubts as to the validity of that legisl…

  • Oral procedure

    Oral procedureIf the Competition Commissioner considers, after having consulted the President of the Commission, that in view of their economic or political importance the measures in issue should be debated, the oral procedure is used.ResourcesSee AlsoReferences<…

  • Interventions

    InterventionsThis is not a distinct form of action in itself. With such a procedure, a party having an interest in the outcome a pending case can intervene in the case in support of the applicant or the defendant. The intervention must first be authorised by the Court.Resources…

  • Main types of legal actions

    Main types of legal actionsIn non-technical terms, the TFEU provides for a number of possible legal actions before the European Courts. The following paragraphs give an idea of the most relevant ones in relation to an antitrust case.ResourcesSee AlsoReferences…

  • Court System Outcome

    OutcomeThe normal outcome of a Court case is the delivery of a judgment after the written and oral procedure.More about Court System OutcomeIn particular situations, the outcome may however take the form of an "order" ("ordonnance"), adopted without an oral proc…

  • Court system Overview

    Overview of the EU Court systemThe present section is intended to give an overview on the EU judicial system that avoids the use of technical jargon. The lack of technical legal language in this section is therefore a deliberate choice, reflecting the limited objective of this section. For …

  • Damage claims

    Damage claims (article 268 TFEU) ("action en dommages et intérêts")The applicant requests the Court to find that it has suffered harm as a result of an illegal action of an EU institution and therefore asks the Court to award damages. In relation to DG Competition&#39…

  • EU Courts

    EU CourtsThe Court of Justice of the European Union is one of the EU institutions. It is based in Luxembourg. It is now composed of three different courts: the Court of Justice of the European Union ("Court of Justice" also known as the "ECJ") (this wording therefore ref…

  • Failure to act

    Failure to act (article 265 TFEU) ("recours en carence")By such an action, the applicant challenges an EU institution for not having adopted a decision. For DG Competition's activities, this may for instance be the case where a complainant considers that the Commission does no…