Oral Hearing

Oral Hearing

The Oral Hearing

The Hearing Officer may hear parties in person and witnesses in an EU official language other than the authentic language of the proceedings. In that case, interpretation into the language of the proceedings from another official EU language should be provided during the Oral Hearing. Interventions, questions and debate are simultaneously translated into EN, FR, DE as well any other languages of the EU chosen by the parties during the administrative procedure.

More about Oral Hearing

The Hearing Officer's final report is drafted in the three working languages of the Commission (EN, FR, DE) and (if different) in the authentic languages of the case.


See Also


  • Information about Oral Hearing in the Antitrust Manual of Procedures for the application of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU (Internal DG Competition)

Further Reading

  • Information about Oral Hearing in EU Competition Procedure, 3rd. Edition, Edited by Luis Ortiz Blanco (Oxford University Press)

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